Key Stage 1 Mathematics

National Curriculum England 2014 - NAHT Assessment Framework

Geometry - position and direction

Year 1
  • Describe position, direction and movement, including whole, half, quarter and three-quarter turns
Year 2
  • Order and arrange combinations of mathematical objects in patterns and sequences
  • Uses mathematical vocabulary to describe position, direction and movement, including movement in a straight line and distinguishing between rotation as a turn and in terms of right angles for quarter, half and three-quarter turns (clockwise and anti-clockwise)

Geometry - properties of shapes

Year 2
  • Identify and describe the properties of 2-D shapes, including the number of sides, and line symmetry in a vertical line
  • Identify and describe the properties of 3-D shapes, including the number of edges, vertices and faces
  • Identify 2-D shapes on the surface of 3-D shapes, [for example, a circle on a cylinder and a triangle on a pyramid]
  • Compares and sorts common 2-D and 3-D shapes and everyday objects

Measurement

Year 1
  • Recognise and use language relating to dates, including days of the week, weeks, months and years
  • Tells the time to the hour and half past the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times
Year 2
  • Choose and use appropriate standard units to estimate and measure length/height in any direction (m/cm); mass (kg/g); temperature (°c); capacity (litres/ml) to the nearest appropriate unit, using rulers, scales, thermometers and measuring vessels
  • Compare and order lengths, mass, volume/capacity and record the results using >, < and =
  • Recognise and use symbols for pounds (£) and pence (p); combine amounts to make a particular value
  • Find different combinations of coins that equal the same amounts of money
  • Solves simple problems in a practical context involving addition and subtraction of money of the same unit, including giving change
  • Compare and sequence intervals of time
  • Tell and write the time to five minutes, including quarter past/to the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times
  • Know the number of minutes in an hour and the number of hours in a day

Number - addition and subtraction

Year 1
  • Read, write and interpret mathematical statements involving addition (+), subtraction (−) and equals (=) signs
  • Represent and use number bonds and related subtraction facts within 20
  • Add and subtract one-digit and two-digit numbers to 20, including 0
  • Solve one-step problems that involve addition and subtraction, using concrete objects and pictorial representations, and missing number problems such as 7 = ? − 9
Year 2
  • Show that addition of 2 numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and subtraction of 1 number from another cannot
  • Recognise and use the inverse relationship between addition and subtraction and use this to check calculations and solve missing number problems

Number - fractions

Year 1
  • Recognises, finds and names a half as one of two equal parts of an object, shape or quantity
  • Recognise, find and name a quarter as 1 of 4 equal parts of an object, shape or quantity
Year 2
  • Recognises, find, name and write fractions ⅓, ¼,2/4and ¾ of a length, shape, set of objects or quantity
  • Write simple fractions, for example of ½ of 6 = 3 and recognise the equivalence of2/4and ½

Number - multiplication and division

Year 1
  • Solve one-step problems involving multiplication and division, by calculating the answer using concrete objects, pictorial representations and arrays with the support of the teacher
Year 2
  • Recalls and use multiplication and division facts for the two, five and 10 multiplication tables, including recognising odd and even numbers
  • Calculate mathematical statements for multiplication and division within the multiplication tables and write them using the multiplication (x), division (÷) and equals (=) signs
  • Show that multiplication of 2 numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and division of 1 number by another cannot
  • Solves problems involving multiplication and division, using materials, arrays, repeated addition, mental methods, and multiplication and division facts, including problems in contexts

Number - number and place value

Year 1
  • Count to and across 100, forwards and backwards, beginning with 0 or 1, or from any given number
  • Count, read and write numbers to 100 in numerals; count in multiples of twos, fives and tens
  • Given a number, identifies 1 more and 1 less
  • Identify and represent numbers using objects and pictorial representations including the number line, and use the language of: equal to, more than, less than (fewer), most, least
  • Read and write numbers from 1 to 20 in numerals and words
Year 2
  • Count in steps of two, three, and five from 0, and in 10s from any number, forward and backward
  • Recognise the place value of each digit in a two-digit number (10s, 1s)
  • Identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations, including the number line
  • Compares and orders numbers from 0 up to 100
  • Uses < > and = signs correctly
  • Read and write numbers to at least 100 in numerals and in words
  • Uses place value and number facts to solve problems

Statistics

Year 2
  • Interpret and construct simple pictograms, tally charts, block diagrams and tables
  • Ask and answer simple questions by counting the number of objects in each category and sorting the categories by quantity
  • Asks and answers questions about totalling and comparing categorical data

Key Stage 1 Reading

National Curriculum England 2014 - NAHT Assessment Framework

Comprehension

Year 1
  • Develop pleasure in reading, motivation to read, vocabulary and understanding by:
    • Listening to and discussing a wide range of poems, stories and non-fiction at a level beyond that at which they can read independently
    • Becoming very familiar with key stories, fairy stories and traditional tales
  • Understands both the books they can already read accurately and fluently and those they listen to by:
    • Checking that the text makes sense to them as they read
    • As they read, correcting inaccurate reading
    • Discussing the significance of the title and events
    • Predicting what might happen on the basis of what has been read so far
Year 2
  • Develops pleasure in reading, motivation to read, vocabulary and understanding by:
    • Listening to, discussing and expressing views about a wide range of contemporary and classic poetry, stories and non-fiction at a level beyond that at which they can read independently
    • Discussing the sequence of events in books and how items of information are related
    • Becoming increasingly familiar with a wider range of stories, fairy stories and traditional tales
    • Retelling a range of stories, fairy stories and traditional tales
    • Being introduced to non-fiction books that are structured in different ways
  • Understand both the books that they can already read accurately and fluently and those that they listen to by:
    • Answering questions
    • Predicting what might happen on the basis of what has been read so far
  • Participates in discussion about books, poems and other works that are read to them and those that they can read for themselves, taking turns and listening to what others say

Word reading

Year 1
  • Responds speedily with the correct sound to graphemes (letters or groups of letters) for all 40+ phonemes, including, where applicable, alternative sounds for graphemes
  • Reads accurately by blending sounds in unfamiliar words
  • Reads common exception words
  • Reads aloud accurately books that are consistent with their developing phonic knowledge and that do not require them to use other strategies to work out words
Year 2
  • Reads accurately by blending the sounds in words that contain the graphemes taught so far, especially recognising alternative sounds for graphemes
  • Reads accurately words of two or more syllables that contain the same graphemes as above
  • Reads most words at an instructional level 93-95 per cent quickly and accurately without overt sounding and blending, when they have been frequently encountered
  • Reads aloud books closely matched to their improving phonic knowledge, sounding out unfamiliar words accurately, automatically and without undue hesitation
  • Re-reads these books to build up their fluency and confidence in word reading

Key Stage 1 Writing

National Curriculum England 2014 - NAHT Assessment Framework

Composition

Year 1
  • Write sentences by:
    • Sequencing sentences to form short narratives
    • Re-reading what they have written to check that it makes sense
Year 2
  • Develops positive attitudes towards, and stamina for, writing, by writing for different purposes
  • Considers what is going to be written before beginning by encapsulating what they want to say, sentence by sentence
  • Makes simple additions, revisions and corrections to their own writing by:
    • Proofreading to check for errors in spelling, grammar and punctuation
    • Segmenting spoken words into phonemes and representing these by graphemes, spelling many correctly
    • Learning new ways of spelling phonemes for which one or more spellings are already known; and learn some words with each spelling, including a few common homophones.

Handwriting

Year 1
  • Begins to form lower-case letters in the correct direction, starting and finishing in the right place
Year 2
  • Writes capital letters and digits of the correct size, orientation and relationship to one another and to lower-case letters

Transcription - Spelling

Year 1
  • Spells words containing each of the 40+ phonemes already taught
  • Names the letters of the alphabet in order
  • Writes from memory simple sentences dictated by the teacher that include words using the GPCs and common exception words taught so far

Vocabulary, grammar and punctuation

Year 1
  • Introduces capital letters, full stops, question marks and exclamation marks to demarcate sentences
Year 2
  • Uses capital letters, full stops, question marks and exclamation marks to demarcate sentences
  • Use commas to separate items in a list
  • Uses the correct choice and consistent use of present tense and past tense throughout a written piece
  • Constructs subordination (using when, if, that, because) and co-ordination (using or, and, but)
  • Uses the suffixes –er, –est in adjectives and –ly to turn adjectives into adverbs

Key Stage 2 Mathematics

National Curriculum England 2014 - NAHT Assessment Framework

Algebra

Year 6
  • Uses simple formulae
  • Generate and describe linear number sequences
  • Express missing number problems algebraically
  • Find pairs of numbers that satisfy an equation with 2 unknowns
  • Enumerate possibilities of combinations of 2 variables

Geometry - position and direction

Year 4
  • Describe positions on a 2-D grid as coordinates in the first quadrant
  • Describe movements between positions as translations of a given unit to the left/right and up/down
  • Plots specified points and draw sides to complete a given polygon
Year 5
  • Identify, describe and represent the position of a shape following a reflection or translation, using the appropriate language, and know that the shape has not changed
Year 6
  • Describe positions on the full coordinate grid (all 4 quadrants)
  • Draws and translate simple shapes on the coordinate plane and reflect them in the axes
  • Interprets pie charts and line graphs and uses these to solve problems

Geometry - properties of shapes

Year 3
  • Draw 2-D shapes and make 3-D shapes using modelling materials; recognise 3-d shapes in different orientations and describe them
  • Recognise angles as a property of shape or a description of a turn
  • Identify horizontal and vertical lines and pairs of perpendicular and parallel lines
Year 4
  • Compares and classifies geometric shapes, including quadrilaterals and triangles, based on their properties and sizes
  • Identify acute and obtuse angles and compare and order angles up to 2 right angles by size
  • Identify lines of symmetry in two dimensional shapes presented in different orientations
  • Complete a simple symmetric figure with respect to a specific line of symmetry
Year 5
  • Identify 3-D shapes, including cubes and other cuboids, from 2-D representations
  • Know angles are measured in degrees: estimate and compare acute, obtuse and reflex angles
  • Draws given angles, and measure them in degrees (°)
  • Distinguishes between regular and irregular polygons based on reasoning about equal sides and angles
Year 6
  • Draw 2-D shapes using given dimensions and angles
  • Recognise, describe and build simple 3-D shapes, including making nets
  • Compares and classifies geometric shapes based on their properties and sizes and find unknown angles in any triangles, quadrilaterals, and regular polygons
  • Illustrate and name parts of circles, including radius, diameter and circumference and know that the diameter is twice the radius
  • Recognise angles where they meet at a point, are on a straight line, or are vertically opposite, and find missing angles

Measurement

Year 3
  • Measures, compare, adds and subtracts lengths (m/cm/mm); mass (kg/g); volume/capacity (l/ml)
  • Measure the perimeter of simple 2-D shapes
  • Adds and subtracts amounts of money to give change, using both £ and p in practical contexts
  • Tells and writes the time from an analogue clock, including using roman numerals from I to XII, and 12-hour and 24-hour clocks
  • Tells and writes the time from an analogue clock and 12-hour and 24-hour clocks
  • Estimate and read time with increasing accuracy to the nearest minute; record and compare time in terms of seconds, minutes and hours; use vocabulary such as o’clock, am/pm, morning, afternoon, noon and midnight
  • Know the number of seconds in a minute and the number of days in each month, year and leap year
  • Compare durations of events [for example, to calculate the time taken by particular events or tasks]
  • Identifies right angles, recognises that two right angles make a half-turn, three make three quarters of a turn and four a complete turn; identifies whether angles are greater than or less than a right angle
Year 4
  • Converts between different units of measure e.g. kilometre to metre; hour to minute
  • Measure and calculate the perimeter of a rectilinear figure (including squares) in centimetres and metres
  • Find the area of rectilinear shapes by counting squares
  • Estimate, compare and calculate different measures, including money in pounds and pence
  • Read, write and convert time between analogue and digital 12- and 24-hour clocks
  • Solve problems involving converting from hours to minutes, minutes to seconds, years to months, weeks to days
Year 5
  • Converts between different units of metric measure eg kilometre and metre; centimetre and metre; centimetre and millimetre; gram and kilogram; litre and millilitre
  • Understand and use approximate equivalences between metric units and common imperial units such as inches, pounds and pints
  • Measures and calculates the perimeter of composite rectilinear shapes in centimetres and metres
  • Calculate and compare the area of rectangles (including squares), including using standard units, square centimetres (cm²) and square metres (m²), and estimate the area of irregular shapes
  • Calculates and compares the area of rectangles (including squares), including using standard units, square centimetres (cm²) and square metres (m²)
  • Estimate volume [for example, using 1 cm³ blocks to build cuboids (including cubes)] and capacity [for example, using water]
  • Solve problems involving converting between units of time
  • Use all four operations to solve problems involving measure [for example, length, mass, volume, money] using decimal notation, including scaling
Year 6
  • Uses, reads, writes and converts between standard units, converting measurements of length, mass, volume and time from a smaller unit of measure to a larger unit, and vice versa, using decimal notation to up to three decimal places

Number - addition and subtraction

Year 3
  • Add and subtract numbers with up to 3 digits, using formal written methods of columnar addition and subtraction
  • Estimate the answer to a calculation and use inverse operations to check answers
  • Solve problems, including missing number problems, using number facts, place value, and more complex addition and subtraction
Year 4
  • Add and subtract numbers with up to 4 digits using the formal written methods of columnar addition and subtraction where appropriate
  • Estimate and use inverse operations to check answers to a calculation
  • Solves addition and subtraction two-step problems in context, deciding which operations and methods to use and why
Year 5
  • Adds and subtracts whole numbers with more than 4 digits, including using formal written methods (columnar addition and subtraction)
  • Adds and subtracts numbers mentally with increasingly large numbers (eg 12,462 - 2,300 = 10,162)
  • Use rounding to check answers to calculations and determine, in the context of a problem, levels of accuracy
  • Solve addition and subtraction multi-step problems in contexts, deciding which operations and methods to use and why

Number - addition, subtraction, multiplication and division

Year 6
  • Multiplies multi-digit numbers up to four digits by a two-digit whole number using the formal written method of long multiplication
  • Divide numbers up to 4 digits by a two-digit whole number using the formal written method of long division, and interpret remainders as whole number remainders, fractions, or by rounding, as appropriate for the context
  • Divides numbers up to four digits by a two-digit number using the formal written method of short division where appropriate, interpreting remainders according to the context
  • Perform mental calculations, including with mixed operations and large numbers
  • Identify common factors, common multiples and prime numbers
  • Use their knowledge of the order of operations to carry out calculations involving the 4 operations
  • Solves addition and subtraction multi-step problems in contexts, deciding which operations and methods to use and why
  • Solve problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication and division
  • Uses estimation to check answers to calculations and determines, in the context of a problem, an appropriate degree of accuracy

Number - fractions

Year 3
  • Counts up and down in tenths; recognise that tenths arise from dividing an object into 10 equal parts and in dividing one-digit numbers or quantities by 10
  • Recognises, find and write fractions of a discrete set of objects: unit fractions and non-unit fractions with small denominators
  • Recognise and use fractions as numbers: unit fractions and non-unit fractions with small denominators
  • Recognises and shows, using diagrams, equivalent fractions with small denominators
  • Add and subtract fractions with the same denominator within one whole [for example,5/7+1/7=6/7]
  • Compare and order unit fractions, and fractions with the same denominators
  • Solve problems that involve all of the above
Year 4
  • Recognises and shows, using diagrams, families of common equivalent fractions
  • Counts up and down in hundredths; recognise that hundredths arise when dividing an object by 100 and dividing tenths by 10
  • Solve problems involving increasingly harder fractions to calculate quantities, and fractions to divide quantities, including non-unit fractions where the answer is a whole number
  • Add and subtract fractions with the same denominator
  • Recognise and write decimal equivalents of any number of tenths or hundreds
  • Recognise and write decimal equivalents to ¼, ½ and ¾
  • Find the effect of dividing a one- or two-digit number by 10 and 100, identifying the value of the digits in the answer as ones, tenths and hundredths
  • Rounds decimals with one decimal place to the nearest whole number
  • Compare numbers with the same number of decimal places up to 2 decimal places
  • Solves simple measure and money problems involving fractions and decimals to two decimal places
Year 5
  • Compares and orders fractions whose denominators are all multiples of the same number
  • Identify, name and write equivalent fractions of a given fraction, represented visually, including tenths and hundredths
  • Recognise mixed numbers and improper fractions and convert from one form to the other and write mathematical statements > 1 as a mixed number [for example, ⅖ + ⅘ =6/5= 1⅕ ]
  • Add and subtract fractions with the same denominator, and denominators that are multiples of the same number
  • Multiply proper fractions and mixed numbers by whole numbers, supported by materials and diagrams
  • Read and write decimal numbers as fractions e.g. 0.71 =71/100
  • Recognise and use thousandths and relate them to tenths, hundredths and decimal equivalents
  • Round decimals with 2 decimal places to the nearest whole number and to 1 decimal place
  • Reads, writes, orders and compares numbers with up to 3 decimal places
  • Solve problems involving number up to 3 decimal places
  • Recognise the per cent symbol (%) and understand that per cent relates to ‘number of parts per 100’, and write percentages as a fraction with denominator 100, and as a decimal fraction
  • Solves problems which require knowing percentage and decimal equivalents of ½, ¼, ⅕, ⅖, ⅘ and those fractions with a denominator of a multiple of 10 or 25
Year 6
  • Use common factors to simplify fractions; use common multiples to express fractions in the same denomination
  • Compare and order fractions, including fractions >1
  • Add and subtract fractions with different denominators and mixed numbers, using the concept of equivalent fractions
  • Multiply simple pairs of proper fractions, writing the answer in its simplest form [for example, ¼ x ½ = ⅛]
  • Divide proper fractions by whole numbers [for example, ⅓ ÷ 2 = ⅙ ]
  • Associate a fraction with division and calculate decimal fraction equivalents [for example, 0.375] for a simple fraction [for example, ⅜]
  • Identify the value of each digit in numbers given to 3 decimal places and multiply and divide numbers by 10, 100 and 1,000 giving answers up to 3 decimal places
  • Multiply one-digit numbers with up to 2 decimal places by whole numbers
  • Uses written division methods in cases where the answer has up to two decimal places
  • Solves problems which require answers to be rounded to specified degrees of accuracy
  • Recalls and uses equivalences between simple fractions, decimals and percentages, including in different contexts

Number - multiplication and division

Year 3
  • Writes and calculates mathematical statements for multiplication and division using the multiplication tables that they know, including for two-digit numbers times one-digit numbers, using mental and progressing to formal written methods
  • Solve problems, including missing number problems, involving multiplication and division, including positive integer scaling problems and correspondence problems in which n objects are connected to m objects
Year 4
  • Recalls multiplication and division facts for multiplication tables up to 12 x 12
  • Use place value, known and derived facts to multiply and divide mentally, including: multiplying by 0 and 1; dividing by 1; multiplying together 3 numbers
  • Recognise and use factor pairs and commutativity in mental calculations
  • Multiply two-digit and three-digit numbers by a one-digit number using formal written layout
  • Solve problems involving multiplying and adding, including using the distributive law to multiply two-digit numbers by 1 digit, integer scaling problems and harder correspondence problems such as n objects are connected to m objects
Year 5
  • Identifies multiples and factors, including finding all factor pairs of a number, and common factors of two numbers
  • Know and use the vocabulary of prime numbers, prime factors and composite (non-prime) numbers
  • Establish whether a number up to 100 is prime and recall prime numbers up to 19
  • Multiply numbers up to 4 digits by a one- or two-digit number using a formal written method, including long multiplication for two-digit numbers
  • Multiply and divide numbers mentally, drawing upon known facts
  • Divide numbers up to 4 digits by a one-digit number using the formal written method of short division and interpret remainders appropriately for the context
  • Multiply and divide whole numbers and those involving decimals by 10, 100 and 1,000
  • Recognise and use square numbers and cube numbers, and the notation for squared (²) and cubed (³)
  • Solves problems involving multiplication and division, including using a knowledge of factors and multiples, squares and cubes
  • Solve problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication and division and a combination of these, including understanding the meaning of the equals sign
  • Solves problems involving multiplication and division, including scaling by simple fractions and problems involving simple rates

Number - number and place value

Year 3
  • Counts from 0 in multiples of four, eight, 50 and 100
  • Can work out if a given number is greater or less than 10 or 100
  • Recognises the place value of each digit in a 3-digit number (hundreds, tens and ones)
  • Compare and order numbers up to 1,000
  • Identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations
  • Read and write numbers up to 1,000 in numerals and in words
  • Solves number problems and practical problems involving these ideas
Year 4
  • Count in multiples of six, seven, nine, 25 and 1,000
  • Find 1,000 more or less than a given number
  • Counts backwards through 0 to include negative numbers
  • Recognise the place value of each digit in a four-digit number (1,000s, 100s, 10s, and 1s)
  • Orders and compares numbers beyond 1,000
  • Identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations
  • Rounds any number to the nearest 10, 100 or 1,000
  • Solve number and practical problems that involve all of the above and with increasingly large positive numbers
  • Read roman numerals to 100 (I to C) and know that over time, the numeral system changed to include the concept of 0 and place value
Year 5
  • Reads, writes, orders and compares numbers to at least 1,000,000 and determine the value of each digit
  • Count forwards or backwards in steps of powers of 10 for any given number up to 1,000,000
  • Interprets negative numbers in context, count forwards and backwards with positive and negative whole numbers, including through zero
  • Round any number up to 1,000,000 to the nearest 10, 100, 1,000, 10,000 and 100,000
  • Solve number problems and practical problems that involve all of the above
  • Read Roman numerals to 1,000 (M) and recognise years written in Roman numerals
Year 6
  • Read, write, order and compare numbers up to 10,000,000 and determine the value of each digit
  • Rounds any whole number to a required degree of accuracy
  • Uses negative numbers in context, and calculate intervals across zero
  • Solve number and practical problems that involve all of the above

Ratio and proportion

Year 6
  • Solve problems involving the relative sizes of 2 quantities where missing values can be found by using integer multiplication and division facts
  • Solve problems involving the calculation of percentages eg of measures and such as 15% of 360, and the use of percentages for comparison
  • Solve problems involving similar shapes where the scale factor is known or can be found
  • Solves problems involving unequal sharing and grouping using knowledge of fractions and multiples

Statistics

Year 3
  • Interprets and presents data using bar charts, pictograms and tables
  • Solve one-step and two-step questions [for example ‘How many more?’ and ‘How many fewer?’] using information presented in scaled bar charts and pictograms and tables
Year 4
  • Interpret and present discrete and continuous data using appropriate graphical methods, including bar charts and time graphs
  • Solves comparison, sum and difference problems using information presented in bar charts, pictograms, tables and other graphs
Year 5
  • Solve comparison, sum and difference problems using information presented in a line graph
  • Completes, reads and interprets information in tables, including timetables
Year 6
  • Interpret and construct pie charts and line graphs and use these to solve problems
  • Calculates and interprets the mean as an average

Key Stage 2 Reading

National Curriculum England 2014 - NAHT Assessment Framework

Comprehension

Year 3
  • Develops positive attitudes to reading, and an understanding of what they read, by:
    • Listening to and discussing a wide range of fiction, poetry, plays, non-fiction and reference books or textbooks
    • Using dictionaries to check the meaning of words that they have read
    • Identifying themes and conventions in a wide range of books
  • Understands what they have read independently by:
    • Drawing inferences such as inferring characters’ feelings, thoughts and motives from their actions, and justifying inferences with evidence
    • Predicting what might happen from details stated and implied
  • Retrieves and records information from non-fiction
Year 4
  • Listens to and discusses a wide range of fiction, poetry, plays, non-fiction and reference books or textbooks
  • Uses dictionaries to check the meaning of words that have been read
  • Identifies themes and conventions in a wide range of books
  • Checks that the text makes sense to the individual, discussing his understanding and explaining the meaning of words in context
  • Draws inferences such as inferring characters’ feelings, thoughts and motives from their actions and justifies inferences with evidence
  • Predicts what might happen from details stated and implied
  • Identifies main ideas drawn from more than one paragraph and summarises these
  • Retrieves and record information from non-fiction
Year 5
  • Increases familiarity with a wide range of books including myths, legends and traditional stories, modern fiction, fiction from our literary heritage, and books from other cultures and traditions
  • Checks that the book makes sense to the reader, discussing the individual’s understanding and exploring the meaning of words in context
  • Summarises the main ideas drawn from more than one paragraph, identifying key details that support the main ideas
  • Retrieves, records and presents information from non-fiction
  • Participates in discussions about books that are read to the child and those that can be read independently
  • Provides reasoned justifications for their views about a book
Year 6
  • Increases familiarity with a wide range of books, including myths, legends and traditional stories, modern fiction, fiction from our literary heritage, and books from other cultures and traditions
  • Checks that the book makes sense to the reader, discussing the individual’s understanding and exploring the meaning of words in context
  • Summarises the main ideas drawn from more than one paragraph, identifying key details that support the main ideas
  • Retrieves, records and presents information from non-fiction
  • Participates in discussions about books that are read to the individual and those that can be read independently
  • Provides reasoned justifications for their views about a book

Word reading

Year 3
  • Reads further exception words, noting the unusual correspondences between spelling and sound, and where these occur in the word
Year 4
Year 5
  • Applies a growing knowledge of root words, prefixes and suffixes (morphology and etymology), as listed in English appendix 1 of the national curriculum, both to read aloud and to understand the meaning of new words that are met
Year 6
  • Applies a growing knowledge of root words, prefixes and suffixes (morphology and etymology), as listed in English appendix 1 of the national curriculum, both to read aloud and to understand the meaning of new words that they meet

Key Stage 2 Writing

National Curriculum England 2014 - NAHT Assessment Framework

Composition

Year 3
  • Organises paragraphs around a theme
  • In narratives, creates settings, characters and plot
  • Uses headings and sub-headings to aid presentation
  • Proof-reads for spelling and punctuation errors
Year 4
  • Organises paragraphs around a theme
  • In narratives, creates settings, characters and plot
  • Proof-reads for spelling and punctuation errors
Year 5
  • Identifies the audience for, and purpose of, the writing
  • Selects the appropriate form and uses other similar writing as models for their own
  • Describes settings, characters and atmosphere
  • Uses further organisational and presentational devices to structure text and to guide the reader (eg headings, bullet points, underlining)
  • Ensures the consistent and correct use of tense throughout a piece of writing
  • Proof-reads for spelling and punctuation errors
Year 6
  • Identifies the audience for, and purpose of, the writing
  • Selects the appropriate form and uses other similar writing as models for their own
  • Uses further organisational and presentational devices to structure text and to guide the reader (eg headings, bullet points, underlining)
  • Can describe settings, characters and atmosphere
  • Ensures the consistent and correct use of tense throughout a piece of writing
  • Proof-reads for spelling and punctuation errors

Transcription - Spelling

Year 4
  • Writes from memory simple sentences, dictated by the teacher, that include words and punctuation taught so far

Vocabulary, grammar and punctuation

Year 3
  • Uses the present perfect form of verbs instead of the simple past eg ‘He has gone out to play’ in contrast to ‘He went out to play’
  • Expresses time, place and cause using conjunctions
  • Introduces inverted commas to punctuate direct speech
  • Uses the forms ‘a’ or ‘an’ according to whether the next word begins with a consonant or a vowel eg a rock, an open box
Year 4
  • Uses fronted adverbials
  • Can choose an appropriate pronoun or noun within and across sentences to aid cohesion and avoid repetition
  • Uses standard English forms for verb inflections instead of local spoken forms
  • Uses inverted commas and other punctuation to indicate direct speech
Year 5
  • Indicates degrees of possibility using adverbs (eg perhaps, surely) or modal verbs (eg might, should, will, must)
  • Uses commas to clarify meaning or avoid ambiguity
  • Converts nouns or adjectives into verbs using suffixes (eg -ate; -ise; -ify)
  • Uses devices to build cohesion within a paragraph (eg then, after that, this, firstly)
Year 6
  • Uses dictionaries to check the spelling and meaning of words
  • Can understand and apply the difference between vocabulary typical of informal speech and vocabulary appropriate for formal speech and writing (eg find out - discover; ask for - request; go in - enter)
  • Uses the passive voice to affect the presentation of information in a sentence (eg ‘I broke the window in the greenhouse’ versus ‘The window in the greenhouse was broken (by me)’
  • Uses the colon to introduce a list
  • Punctuates bullet points to list information
  • Can use layout devices, such as headings, sub-headings, columns, bullets, or tables, to structure text