Key Stage 1 Mathematics
National Curriculum England 2014  NAHT Assessment Framework
Geometry  position and direction
Year 1

Describe position, direction and movement, including whole, half, quarter and threequarter turns
Year 2

Order and arrange combinations of mathematical objects in patterns and sequences

Uses mathematical vocabulary to describe position, direction and movement, including movement in a straight line and distinguishing between rotation as a turn and in terms of right angles for quarter, half and threequarter turns (clockwise and anticlockwise)
Geometry  properties of shapes
Year 2

Identify and describe the properties of 2D shapes, including the number of sides, and line symmetry in a vertical line

Identify and describe the properties of 3D shapes, including the number of edges, vertices and faces

Identify 2D shapes on the surface of 3D shapes, [for example, a circle on a cylinder and a triangle on a pyramid]

Compares and sorts common 2D and 3D shapes and everyday objects
Measurement
Year 1

Recognise and use language relating to dates, including days of the week, weeks, months and years

Tells the time to the hour and half past the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times
Year 2

Choose and use appropriate standard units to estimate and measure length/height in any direction (m/cm); mass (kg/g); temperature (°c); capacity (litres/ml) to the nearest appropriate unit, using rulers, scales, thermometers and measuring vessels

Compare and order lengths, mass, volume/capacity and record the results using >, < and =

Recognise and use symbols for pounds (£) and pence (p); combine amounts to make a particular value

Find different combinations of coins that equal the same amounts of money

Solves simple problems in a practical context involving addition and subtraction of money of the same unit, including giving change

Compare and sequence intervals of time

Tell and write the time to five minutes, including quarter past/to the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times

Know the number of minutes in an hour and the number of hours in a day
Number  addition and subtraction
Year 1

Read, write and interpret mathematical statements involving addition (+), subtraction (−) and equals (=) signs

Represent and use number bonds and related subtraction facts within 20

Add and subtract onedigit and twodigit numbers to 20, including 0

Solve onestep problems that involve addition and subtraction, using concrete objects and pictorial representations, and missing number problems such as 7 = ? − 9
Year 2

Show that addition of 2 numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and subtraction of 1 number from another cannot

Recognise and use the inverse relationship between addition and subtraction and use this to check calculations and solve missing number problems
Number  fractions
Year 1

Recognises, finds and names a half as one of two equal parts of an object, shape or quantity

Recognise, find and name a quarter as 1 of 4 equal parts of an object, shape or quantity
Year 2

Recognises, find, name and write fractions ⅓, ¼,2/4and ¾ of a length, shape, set of objects or quantity

Write simple fractions, for example of ½ of 6 = 3 and recognise the equivalence of2/4and ½
Number  multiplication and division
Year 1

Solve onestep problems involving multiplication and division, by calculating the answer using concrete objects, pictorial representations and arrays with the support of the teacher
Year 2

Recalls and use multiplication and division facts for the two, five and 10 multiplication tables, including recognising odd and even numbers

Calculate mathematical statements for multiplication and division within the multiplication tables and write them using the multiplication (x), division (÷) and equals (=) signs

Show that multiplication of 2 numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and division of 1 number by another cannot

Solves problems involving multiplication and division, using materials, arrays, repeated addition, mental methods, and multiplication and division facts, including problems in contexts
Number  number and place value
Year 1

Count to and across 100, forwards and backwards, beginning with 0 or 1, or from any given number

Count, read and write numbers to 100 in numerals; count in multiples of twos, fives and tens

Given a number, identifies 1 more and 1 less

Identify and represent numbers using objects and pictorial representations including the number line, and use the language of: equal to, more than, less than (fewer), most, least

Read and write numbers from 1 to 20 in numerals and words
Year 2

Count in steps of two, three, and five from 0, and in 10s from any number, forward and backward

Recognise the place value of each digit in a twodigit number (10s, 1s)

Identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations, including the number line

Compares and orders numbers from 0 up to 100

Uses < > and = signs correctly

Read and write numbers to at least 100 in numerals and in words

Uses place value and number facts to solve problems
Statistics
Year 2

Interpret and construct simple pictograms, tally charts, block diagrams and tables

Ask and answer simple questions by counting the number of objects in each category and sorting the categories by quantity

Asks and answers questions about totalling and comparing categorical data
Key Stage 1 Reading
National Curriculum England 2014  NAHT Assessment Framework
Comprehension
Year 1

Develop pleasure in reading, motivation to read, vocabulary and understanding by:

Listening to and discussing a wide range of poems, stories and nonfiction at a level beyond that at which they can read independently

Becoming very familiar with key stories, fairy stories and traditional tales


Understands both the books they can already read accurately and fluently and those they listen to by:

Checking that the text makes sense to them as they read

As they read, correcting inaccurate reading

Discussing the significance of the title and events

Predicting what might happen on the basis of what has been read so far

Year 2

Develops pleasure in reading, motivation to read, vocabulary and understanding by:

Listening to, discussing and expressing views about a wide range of contemporary and classic poetry, stories and nonfiction at a level beyond that at which they can read independently

Discussing the sequence of events in books and how items of information are related

Becoming increasingly familiar with a wider range of stories, fairy stories and traditional tales

Retelling a range of stories, fairy stories and traditional tales

Being introduced to nonfiction books that are structured in different ways


Understand both the books that they can already read accurately and fluently and those that they listen to by:

Answering questions

Predicting what might happen on the basis of what has been read so far


Participates in discussion about books, poems and other works that are read to them and those that they can read for themselves, taking turns and listening to what others say
Word reading
Year 1

Responds speedily with the correct sound to graphemes (letters or groups of letters) for all 40+ phonemes, including, where applicable, alternative sounds for graphemes

Reads accurately by blending sounds in unfamiliar words

Reads common exception words

Reads aloud accurately books that are consistent with their developing phonic knowledge and that do not require them to use other strategies to work out words
Year 2

Reads accurately by blending the sounds in words that contain the graphemes taught so far, especially recognising alternative sounds for graphemes

Reads accurately words of two or more syllables that contain the same graphemes as above

Reads most words at an instructional level 9395 per cent quickly and accurately without overt sounding and blending, when they have been frequently encountered

Reads aloud books closely matched to their improving phonic knowledge, sounding out unfamiliar words accurately, automatically and without undue hesitation

Rereads these books to build up their fluency and confidence in word reading
Key Stage 1 Writing
National Curriculum England 2014  NAHT Assessment Framework
Composition
Year 1

Write sentences by:

Sequencing sentences to form short narratives

Rereading what they have written to check that it makes sense

Year 2

Develops positive attitudes towards, and stamina for, writing, by writing for different purposes

Considers what is going to be written before beginning by encapsulating what they want to say, sentence by sentence

Makes simple additions, revisions and corrections to their own writing by:

Proofreading to check for errors in spelling, grammar and punctuation

Segmenting spoken words into phonemes and representing these by graphemes, spelling many correctly

Learning new ways of spelling phonemes for which one or more spellings are already known; and learn some words with each spelling, including a few common homophones.

Handwriting
Year 1

Begins to form lowercase letters in the correct direction, starting and finishing in the right place
Year 2

Writes capital letters and digits of the correct size, orientation and relationship to one another and to lowercase letters
Transcription  Spelling
Year 1

Spells words containing each of the 40+ phonemes already taught

Names the letters of the alphabet in order

Writes from memory simple sentences dictated by the teacher that include words using the GPCs and common exception words taught so far
Vocabulary, grammar and punctuation
Year 1

Introduces capital letters, full stops, question marks and exclamation marks to demarcate sentences
Year 2

Uses capital letters, full stops, question marks and exclamation marks to demarcate sentences

Use commas to separate items in a list

Uses the correct choice and consistent use of present tense and past tense throughout a written piece

Constructs subordination (using when, if, that, because) and coordination (using or, and, but)

Uses the suffixes –er, –est in adjectives and –ly to turn adjectives into adverbs
Key Stage 2 Mathematics
National Curriculum England 2014  NAHT Assessment Framework
Algebra
Year 6

Uses simple formulae

Generate and describe linear number sequences

Express missing number problems algebraically

Find pairs of numbers that satisfy an equation with 2 unknowns

Enumerate possibilities of combinations of 2 variables
Geometry  position and direction
Year 4

Describe positions on a 2D grid as coordinates in the first quadrant

Describe movements between positions as translations of a given unit to the left/right and up/down

Plots specified points and draw sides to complete a given polygon
Year 5

Identify, describe and represent the position of a shape following a reflection or translation, using the appropriate language, and know that the shape has not changed
Year 6

Describe positions on the full coordinate grid (all 4 quadrants)

Draws and translate simple shapes on the coordinate plane and reflect them in the axes

Interprets pie charts and line graphs and uses these to solve problems
Geometry  properties of shapes
Year 3

Draw 2D shapes and make 3D shapes using modelling materials; recognise 3d shapes in different orientations and describe them

Recognise angles as a property of shape or a description of a turn

Identify horizontal and vertical lines and pairs of perpendicular and parallel lines
Year 4

Compares and classifies geometric shapes, including quadrilaterals and triangles, based on their properties and sizes

Identify acute and obtuse angles and compare and order angles up to 2 right angles by size

Identify lines of symmetry in two dimensional shapes presented in different orientations

Complete a simple symmetric figure with respect to a specific line of symmetry
Year 5

Identify 3D shapes, including cubes and other cuboids, from 2D representations

Know angles are measured in degrees: estimate and compare acute, obtuse and reflex angles

Draws given angles, and measure them in degrees (°)

Distinguishes between regular and irregular polygons based on reasoning about equal sides and angles
Year 6

Draw 2D shapes using given dimensions and angles

Recognise, describe and build simple 3D shapes, including making nets

Compares and classifies geometric shapes based on their properties and sizes and find unknown angles in any triangles, quadrilaterals, and regular polygons

Illustrate and name parts of circles, including radius, diameter and circumference and know that the diameter is twice the radius

Recognise angles where they meet at a point, are on a straight line, or are vertically opposite, and find missing angles
Measurement
Year 3

Measures, compare, adds and subtracts lengths (m/cm/mm); mass (kg/g); volume/capacity (l/ml)

Measure the perimeter of simple 2D shapes

Adds and subtracts amounts of money to give change, using both £ and p in practical contexts

Tells and writes the time from an analogue clock, including using roman numerals from I to XII, and 12hour and 24hour clocks

Tells and writes the time from an analogue clock and 12hour and 24hour clocks

Estimate and read time with increasing accuracy to the nearest minute; record and compare time in terms of seconds, minutes and hours; use vocabulary such as o’clock, am/pm, morning, afternoon, noon and midnight

Know the number of seconds in a minute and the number of days in each month, year and leap year

Compare durations of events [for example, to calculate the time taken by particular events or tasks]

Identifies right angles, recognises that two right angles make a halfturn, three make three quarters of a turn and four a complete turn; identifies whether angles are greater than or less than a right angle
Year 4

Converts between different units of measure e.g. kilometre to metre; hour to minute

Measure and calculate the perimeter of a rectilinear figure (including squares) in centimetres and metres

Find the area of rectilinear shapes by counting squares

Estimate, compare and calculate different measures, including money in pounds and pence

Read, write and convert time between analogue and digital 12 and 24hour clocks

Solve problems involving converting from hours to minutes, minutes to seconds, years to months, weeks to days
Year 5

Converts between different units of metric measure eg kilometre and metre; centimetre and metre; centimetre and millimetre; gram and kilogram; litre and millilitre

Understand and use approximate equivalences between metric units and common imperial units such as inches, pounds and pints

Measures and calculates the perimeter of composite rectilinear shapes in centimetres and metres

Calculate and compare the area of rectangles (including squares), including using standard units, square centimetres (cm²) and square metres (m²), and estimate the area of irregular shapes

Calculates and compares the area of rectangles (including squares), including using standard units, square centimetres (cm²) and square metres (m²)

Estimate volume [for example, using 1 cm³ blocks to build cuboids (including cubes)] and capacity [for example, using water]

Solve problems involving converting between units of time

Use all four operations to solve problems involving measure [for example, length, mass, volume, money] using decimal notation, including scaling
Year 6

Uses, reads, writes and converts between standard units, converting measurements of length, mass, volume and time from a smaller unit of measure to a larger unit, and vice versa, using decimal notation to up to three decimal places
Number  addition and subtraction
Year 3

Add and subtract numbers with up to 3 digits, using formal written methods of columnar addition and subtraction

Estimate the answer to a calculation and use inverse operations to check answers

Solve problems, including missing number problems, using number facts, place value, and more complex addition and subtraction
Year 4

Add and subtract numbers with up to 4 digits using the formal written methods of columnar addition and subtraction where appropriate

Estimate and use inverse operations to check answers to a calculation

Solves addition and subtraction twostep problems in context, deciding which operations and methods to use and why
Year 5

Adds and subtracts whole numbers with more than 4 digits, including using formal written methods (columnar addition and subtraction)

Adds and subtracts numbers mentally with increasingly large numbers (eg 12,462  2,300 = 10,162)

Use rounding to check answers to calculations and determine, in the context of a problem, levels of accuracy

Solve addition and subtraction multistep problems in contexts, deciding which operations and methods to use and why
Number  addition, subtraction, multiplication and division
Year 6

Multiplies multidigit numbers up to four digits by a twodigit whole number using the formal written method of long multiplication

Divide numbers up to 4 digits by a twodigit whole number using the formal written method of long division, and interpret remainders as whole number remainders, fractions, or by rounding, as appropriate for the context

Divides numbers up to four digits by a twodigit number using the formal written method of short division where appropriate, interpreting remainders according to the context

Perform mental calculations, including with mixed operations and large numbers

Identify common factors, common multiples and prime numbers

Use their knowledge of the order of operations to carry out calculations involving the 4 operations

Solves addition and subtraction multistep problems in contexts, deciding which operations and methods to use and why

Solve problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication and division

Uses estimation to check answers to calculations and determines, in the context of a problem, an appropriate degree of accuracy
Number  fractions
Year 3

Counts up and down in tenths; recognise that tenths arise from dividing an object into 10 equal parts and in dividing onedigit numbers or quantities by 10

Recognises, find and write fractions of a discrete set of objects: unit fractions and nonunit fractions with small denominators

Recognise and use fractions as numbers: unit fractions and nonunit fractions with small denominators

Recognises and shows, using diagrams, equivalent fractions with small denominators

Add and subtract fractions with the same denominator within one whole [for example,5/7+1/7=6/7]

Compare and order unit fractions, and fractions with the same denominators

Solve problems that involve all of the above
Year 4

Recognises and shows, using diagrams, families of common equivalent fractions

Counts up and down in hundredths; recognise that hundredths arise when dividing an object by 100 and dividing tenths by 10

Solve problems involving increasingly harder fractions to calculate quantities, and fractions to divide quantities, including nonunit fractions where the answer is a whole number

Add and subtract fractions with the same denominator

Recognise and write decimal equivalents of any number of tenths or hundreds

Recognise and write decimal equivalents to ¼, ½ and ¾

Find the effect of dividing a one or twodigit number by 10 and 100, identifying the value of the digits in the answer as ones, tenths and hundredths

Rounds decimals with one decimal place to the nearest whole number

Compare numbers with the same number of decimal places up to 2 decimal places

Solves simple measure and money problems involving fractions and decimals to two decimal places
Year 5

Compares and orders fractions whose denominators are all multiples of the same number

Identify, name and write equivalent fractions of a given fraction, represented visually, including tenths and hundredths

Recognise mixed numbers and improper fractions and convert from one form to the other and write mathematical statements > 1 as a mixed number [for example, ⅖ + ⅘ =6/5= 1⅕ ]

Add and subtract fractions with the same denominator, and denominators that are multiples of the same number

Multiply proper fractions and mixed numbers by whole numbers, supported by materials and diagrams

Read and write decimal numbers as fractions e.g. 0.71 =71/100

Recognise and use thousandths and relate them to tenths, hundredths and decimal equivalents

Round decimals with 2 decimal places to the nearest whole number and to 1 decimal place

Reads, writes, orders and compares numbers with up to 3 decimal places

Solve problems involving number up to 3 decimal places

Recognise the per cent symbol (%) and understand that per cent relates to ‘number of parts per 100’, and write percentages as a fraction with denominator 100, and as a decimal fraction

Solves problems which require knowing percentage and decimal equivalents of ½, ¼, ⅕, ⅖, ⅘ and those fractions with a denominator of a multiple of 10 or 25
Year 6

Use common factors to simplify fractions; use common multiples to express fractions in the same denomination

Compare and order fractions, including fractions >1

Add and subtract fractions with different denominators and mixed numbers, using the concept of equivalent fractions

Multiply simple pairs of proper fractions, writing the answer in its simplest form [for example, ¼ x ½ = ⅛]

Divide proper fractions by whole numbers [for example, ⅓ ÷ 2 = ⅙ ]

Associate a fraction with division and calculate decimal fraction equivalents [for example, 0.375] for a simple fraction [for example, ⅜]

Identify the value of each digit in numbers given to 3 decimal places and multiply and divide numbers by 10, 100 and 1,000 giving answers up to 3 decimal places

Multiply onedigit numbers with up to 2 decimal places by whole numbers

Uses written division methods in cases where the answer has up to two decimal places

Solves problems which require answers to be rounded to specified degrees of accuracy

Recalls and uses equivalences between simple fractions, decimals and percentages, including in different contexts
Number  multiplication and division
Year 3

Writes and calculates mathematical statements for multiplication and division using the multiplication tables that they know, including for twodigit numbers times onedigit numbers, using mental and progressing to formal written methods

Solve problems, including missing number problems, involving multiplication and division, including positive integer scaling problems and correspondence problems in which n objects are connected to m objects
Year 4

Recalls multiplication and division facts for multiplication tables up to 12 x 12

Use place value, known and derived facts to multiply and divide mentally, including: multiplying by 0 and 1; dividing by 1; multiplying together 3 numbers

Recognise and use factor pairs and commutativity in mental calculations

Multiply twodigit and threedigit numbers by a onedigit number using formal written layout

Solve problems involving multiplying and adding, including using the distributive law to multiply twodigit numbers by 1 digit, integer scaling problems and harder correspondence problems such as n objects are connected to m objects
Year 5

Identifies multiples and factors, including finding all factor pairs of a number, and common factors of two numbers

Know and use the vocabulary of prime numbers, prime factors and composite (nonprime) numbers

Establish whether a number up to 100 is prime and recall prime numbers up to 19

Multiply numbers up to 4 digits by a one or twodigit number using a formal written method, including long multiplication for twodigit numbers

Multiply and divide numbers mentally, drawing upon known facts

Divide numbers up to 4 digits by a onedigit number using the formal written method of short division and interpret remainders appropriately for the context

Multiply and divide whole numbers and those involving decimals by 10, 100 and 1,000

Recognise and use square numbers and cube numbers, and the notation for squared (²) and cubed (³)

Solves problems involving multiplication and division, including using a knowledge of factors and multiples, squares and cubes

Solve problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication and division and a combination of these, including understanding the meaning of the equals sign

Solves problems involving multiplication and division, including scaling by simple fractions and problems involving simple rates
Number  number and place value
Year 3

Counts from 0 in multiples of four, eight, 50 and 100

Can work out if a given number is greater or less than 10 or 100

Recognises the place value of each digit in a 3digit number (hundreds, tens and ones)

Compare and order numbers up to 1,000

Identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations

Read and write numbers up to 1,000 in numerals and in words

Solves number problems and practical problems involving these ideas
Year 4

Count in multiples of six, seven, nine, 25 and 1,000

Find 1,000 more or less than a given number

Counts backwards through 0 to include negative numbers

Recognise the place value of each digit in a fourdigit number (1,000s, 100s, 10s, and 1s)

Orders and compares numbers beyond 1,000

Identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations

Rounds any number to the nearest 10, 100 or 1,000

Solve number and practical problems that involve all of the above and with increasingly large positive numbers

Read roman numerals to 100 (I to C) and know that over time, the numeral system changed to include the concept of 0 and place value
Year 5

Reads, writes, orders and compares numbers to at least 1,000,000 and determine the value of each digit

Count forwards or backwards in steps of powers of 10 for any given number up to 1,000,000

Interprets negative numbers in context, count forwards and backwards with positive and negative whole numbers, including through zero

Round any number up to 1,000,000 to the nearest 10, 100, 1,000, 10,000 and 100,000

Solve number problems and practical problems that involve all of the above

Read Roman numerals to 1,000 (M) and recognise years written in Roman numerals
Year 6

Read, write, order and compare numbers up to 10,000,000 and determine the value of each digit

Rounds any whole number to a required degree of accuracy

Uses negative numbers in context, and calculate intervals across zero

Solve number and practical problems that involve all of the above
Ratio and proportion
Year 6

Solve problems involving the relative sizes of 2 quantities where missing values can be found by using integer multiplication and division facts

Solve problems involving the calculation of percentages eg of measures and such as 15% of 360, and the use of percentages for comparison

Solve problems involving similar shapes where the scale factor is known or can be found

Solves problems involving unequal sharing and grouping using knowledge of fractions and multiples
Statistics
Year 3

Interprets and presents data using bar charts, pictograms and tables

Solve onestep and twostep questions [for example ‘How many more?’ and ‘How many fewer?’] using information presented in scaled bar charts and pictograms and tables
Year 4

Interpret and present discrete and continuous data using appropriate graphical methods, including bar charts and time graphs

Solves comparison, sum and difference problems using information presented in bar charts, pictograms, tables and other graphs
Year 5

Solve comparison, sum and difference problems using information presented in a line graph

Completes, reads and interprets information in tables, including timetables
Year 6

Interpret and construct pie charts and line graphs and use these to solve problems

Calculates and interprets the mean as an average
Key Stage 2 Reading
National Curriculum England 2014  NAHT Assessment Framework
Comprehension
Year 3

Develops positive attitudes to reading, and an understanding of what they read, by:

Listening to and discussing a wide range of fiction, poetry, plays, nonfiction and reference books or textbooks

Using dictionaries to check the meaning of words that they have read

Identifying themes and conventions in a wide range of books


Understands what they have read independently by:

Drawing inferences such as inferring characters’ feelings, thoughts and motives from their actions, and justifying inferences with evidence

Predicting what might happen from details stated and implied


Retrieves and records information from nonfiction
Year 4

Listens to and discusses a wide range of fiction, poetry, plays, nonfiction and reference books or textbooks

Uses dictionaries to check the meaning of words that have been read

Identifies themes and conventions in a wide range of books

Checks that the text makes sense to the individual, discussing his understanding and explaining the meaning of words in context

Draws inferences such as inferring characters’ feelings, thoughts and motives from their actions and justifies inferences with evidence

Predicts what might happen from details stated and implied

Identifies main ideas drawn from more than one paragraph and summarises these

Retrieves and record information from nonfiction
Year 5

Increases familiarity with a wide range of books including myths, legends and traditional stories, modern fiction, fiction from our literary heritage, and books from other cultures and traditions

Checks that the book makes sense to the reader, discussing the individual’s understanding and exploring the meaning of words in context

Summarises the main ideas drawn from more than one paragraph, identifying key details that support the main ideas

Retrieves, records and presents information from nonfiction

Participates in discussions about books that are read to the child and those that can be read independently

Provides reasoned justifications for their views about a book
Year 6

Increases familiarity with a wide range of books, including myths, legends and traditional stories, modern fiction, fiction from our literary heritage, and books from other cultures and traditions

Checks that the book makes sense to the reader, discussing the individual’s understanding and exploring the meaning of words in context

Summarises the main ideas drawn from more than one paragraph, identifying key details that support the main ideas

Retrieves, records and presents information from nonfiction

Participates in discussions about books that are read to the individual and those that can be read independently

Provides reasoned justifications for their views about a book
Word reading
Year 3

Reads further exception words, noting the unusual correspondences between spelling and sound, and where these occur in the word
Year 4

Applies a growing knowledge of root words, prefixes and suffixes (etymology and morphology) as listed in English appendix 1 of the national curriculum document, both to read aloud and to understand the meaning of new words they meet
Year 5

Applies a growing knowledge of root words, prefixes and suffixes (morphology and etymology), as listed in English appendix 1 of the national curriculum, both to read aloud and to understand the meaning of new words that are met
Year 6

Applies a growing knowledge of root words, prefixes and suffixes (morphology and etymology), as listed in English appendix 1 of the national curriculum, both to read aloud and to understand the meaning of new words that they meet
Key Stage 2 Writing
National Curriculum England 2014  NAHT Assessment Framework
Composition
Year 3

Organises paragraphs around a theme

In narratives, creates settings, characters and plot

Uses headings and subheadings to aid presentation

Proofreads for spelling and punctuation errors
Year 4

Organises paragraphs around a theme

In narratives, creates settings, characters and plot

Proofreads for spelling and punctuation errors
Year 5

Identifies the audience for, and purpose of, the writing

Selects the appropriate form and uses other similar writing as models for their own

Describes settings, characters and atmosphere

Uses further organisational and presentational devices to structure text and to guide the reader (eg headings, bullet points, underlining)

Ensures the consistent and correct use of tense throughout a piece of writing

Proofreads for spelling and punctuation errors
Year 6

Identifies the audience for, and purpose of, the writing

Selects the appropriate form and uses other similar writing as models for their own

Uses further organisational and presentational devices to structure text and to guide the reader (eg headings, bullet points, underlining)

Can describe settings, characters and atmosphere

Ensures the consistent and correct use of tense throughout a piece of writing

Proofreads for spelling and punctuation errors
Transcription  Spelling
Year 4

Writes from memory simple sentences, dictated by the teacher, that include words and punctuation taught so far
Vocabulary, grammar and punctuation
Year 3

Uses the present perfect form of verbs instead of the simple past eg ‘He has gone out to play’ in contrast to ‘He went out to play’

Expresses time, place and cause using conjunctions

Introduces inverted commas to punctuate direct speech

Uses the forms ‘a’ or ‘an’ according to whether the next word begins with a consonant or a vowel eg a rock, an open box
Year 4

Uses fronted adverbials

Can choose an appropriate pronoun or noun within and across sentences to aid cohesion and avoid repetition

Uses standard English forms for verb inflections instead of local spoken forms

Uses inverted commas and other punctuation to indicate direct speech
Year 5

Indicates degrees of possibility using adverbs (eg perhaps, surely) or modal verbs (eg might, should, will, must)

Uses commas to clarify meaning or avoid ambiguity

Converts nouns or adjectives into verbs using suffixes (eg ate; ise; ify)

Uses devices to build cohesion within a paragraph (eg then, after that, this, firstly)
Year 6

Uses dictionaries to check the spelling and meaning of words

Can understand and apply the difference between vocabulary typical of informal speech and vocabulary appropriate for formal speech and writing (eg find out  discover; ask for  request; go in  enter)

Uses the passive voice to affect the presentation of information in a sentence (eg ‘I broke the window in the greenhouse’ versus ‘The window in the greenhouse was broken (by me)’

Uses the colon to introduce a list

Punctuates bullet points to list information

Can use layout devices, such as headings, subheadings, columns, bullets, or tables, to structure text